Subterranean Termites

e.g. Coptotermes spp.

Appearance

pest inspections sydney

  • 3/16″-3/8″ in length
  • Soldiers: White, broad bodies with a brown head.

Lifecycle

  • Queens can lay several thousands of eggs in one day.
  • The king remains only slightly bigger than an average termite and continues to mate with the queen for life.
  • Males in ant colonies die immediately after mating, unlike termite male alates, which become kings and live with the queen.

Habits

  • Nests are built in the soil and these termites are very dependent on soil for moisture.
  • In their search for food, subterranean termites construct mud tubes because they are susceptible to desiccation when exposed to air.
  • Subterranean termites usually work their way above ground to reach wood or any other cellulose source. The cellulose is then broken down into simple starch with the help of protozoans in the termites’ gut.

 

West Indian Dry Wood Termite

Cryptotermes brevis

Appearance

sydney termites

  • Soldiers are about 5.0mm long

Lifecycle

  • The mature nymphs are the same size as the adults but paler in colour

Habits

  • Because it is able to attack even small Particles of wood, this species is considered to be the world’s most serious termite pest.

notice

  • Sydney has had several sittings of the west Indian termite in the past two years, and all councils erg that if any termite inspectors come across this termite too report it.

 

Damp Wood Termites

Neotermes spp.

Appearance

termite pest inspection

  • 3/16″-3/8″ in length
  • Brown in colour
  • 2 pairs of long slender wings which are deciduous

Lifecycle

  • Primary Queens can lay several thousand eggs a day.
  • A colony has a King and Queen – it is not uncommon for a colony to have an additional breeding pair.

Habits

  • Colonies can contain up to several thousand termites
  • A self-organised swarm which prefer damp conditions.
  • This group of termites feed on decayed wood such as old tree stumps, rotting logs and pieces of buried timber. Once established, they can move into sound wood structures in buildings.